When exploring genocide and mass atrocities, it is critical to employ a gender lens given that women and men experience violence in distinctly different ways and women have suffered disproportionately. It is equally important to recognize that women have been perpetrators of violence and men have also been victims. CGHR’s Gender Program aims to examine these vulnerabilities, as well as explore the significant role of women as peace-builders and agents of empowerment during and in the aftermath of violence and conflict. Women constitute at least 50 percent of the world’s population, and their active participation in post-conflict reconstruction processes is crucial. As gender roles and identities are fluid and informed by a myriad of significant factors, CGHR’s Gender Program is committed to innovative research and exploration of ideas of gender in order to understand these mutable categories and to prevent future violence.