380:600 Applied Groundwater Modeling Syllabus

Spring 2014 Syllabus
lnstructor: Dr. Markus Wehrer
Office: 138 Smith Hall
Office Hours: M, 5:00 to 6:00 pm
Meeting Time: M, 6:00 to 9:00 p.m. – Smith 127

Course Description

This graduate course will introduce you to the methods commonly used to model groundwater and vadose zone flow and reactive solute transport in the subsurface of the Earth. The course is deliberately focused on applications of hydrogeological modeling methods to examine important flow and transport processes by making use of modeling software that you are likely to encounter in an environmental consulting environment after graduation. You will be applying mainly the software packages Visual ModFlow and HYDRUS, together with some additional tools, to perform project type exercises throughout the semester. In order to be prepared for the modeling aspects of the class, students will be required to conduct intensive reading/study on theoretical aspects of specific flow and transport modeling approaches before each class

Course Objectives

This course will provide you with a comprehensive background in modeling of groundwater and vadose zone flow and reactive solute transport in the subsurface. The primary objective of the course is to provide you with sufficient training in the fundamental theory and application of groundwater modeling to be able to develop the skill sets required to tackle basic environmental problems that are commonly addressed via flow and solute transport modeling. The focus of this class will be on applying a suite of different hydrogeological modeling methods to examine flow and transport processes in the Earth and to be able to appropriately evaluate the limitations of a model. The course will be designed to provide a hands-on, inquiry driven learning experience. A major task in this class will be the “Modeling Project” whereby you will progressively work on the construction of a flow and transport model from a consultant's point of view. You will have opportunities to work on specific aspects of this model as we progress through the theoretical components of the class. Your model will be completed towards the end of the semester and will count for 30% of your total grade for this class.

Specific Learning Objectives:
• Competence in applying flow and solute transport modeling methods
• Ability to set up a flow or transport model based on available data and known constraints
• Appreciation of uncertainty in groundwater modeling and transport and methods for uncertainty analysis
• Familiarity with popular modeling packages used in industry such as Visual ModFlow and HYDRUS
• Appreciation of parameter estimation methods and non-uniqueness
• Improved understanding of the fundamental theory behind popular approaches to groundwater and vadose zone modeling modeling and solute transport

The recommended text for the class is:
Bear, J. and Cheng, A.H.D., 2010, Modeling Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport (Theory and Applications of Transport in Porous Media), Springer, New York
for the groundwater part the course schedule will in keep to:
Anderson, M.P. and Woessner, W.W., 2002, Applied Groundwater Modeling: Simulation of Flow and Advective Transport, Academic Press, San Diego, CA
However, unsaturated zone flow and solute transport is not well covered in this book.
Other recommended reference texts include:
Kresic, N., 2006, Quantitative Solutions in Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling, CRC Press
Hill, M.C., 2007, Effective Groundwater Model Calibration: With Analysis of Data Sensitivities, Predictions and Uncertainty, John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey
Hillel, D. 2004. Introduction to environmental soil physics. Amsterdam ; Boston : Elsevier Academic Press, 494 pp.
Simunek, J., van Genuchten, M.T. and Sejna, M., 2005. The HYDRUS-1D Software Package for Simulating the One-Dimensional Movement of Water, Heat, and Multiple Solutes in Variably-Saturated Media, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of California Riverside, Riverside, California. http://www.pc-progress.com/en/Default.aspx?H1d-downloads
Fitts, C.R., 2002, Groundwater Science, Academic Press, ISBN 0122578554
Bair, S. and Lahm, T.D., 2006, Practical Problems in Groundwater Hydrology, Prentice Hall, 168 pp
Schwarz, F.W. and Zhang, H., 2002, Fundamentals of Groundwater, Wiley, ISBN 0471137855
Fetter, C.V. 2001, Applied hydrogeology, Fourth edition , Prentice Hall, ISBN 0130662399
The following topics are covered:
1. Darcy's Law, saturated & unsaturated flow equations
2. modeling solute transport and degradation
3.  conceptual model and grid design
4.  model assumptions, finite difference & finite element methods,
5. boundary conditions and parameter needs
6.  modeling sources, sinks and transient conditions
7. model calibration, evaluation and sensitivity analysis
8. Bayesian methods
Your Assignments
Assignments for this class will take four forms:
• Take home assignments: You will need to write up in class modeling exercises when set – these are due in class the following week†
• Mid-term: in class (closed-book) format – time TBA
• Quick quizzes: in-class (closed book) format
• Modeling project: due the last day of class
†Write ups of the laboratory work are due in class the week following the lab. All labs must be typed up
and show all necessary calculations. I will not accept hand-written assignments.
Assignments cannot be handed in late for grading – students that do not hand in the assignment in the
following class will get a 0 for that assignment. This policy is strictly enforced!

The breakdown for the grading is as follows.
• Take home assignments/lab write-ups: 35%
• Mid-term: 25%
• Quick quizzes: 10%
• Modeling project: 30%

Americans with Disabilities Act Statement: If you need accommodations because of a documented disability, contact the Disabled Student Services Office on x5300
Academic Honesty Policy: Cheating in any form will not be tolerated. The first occurrence of any of this behavior will result in a grade of "F".